My animals today we present the British shorthair, a cat surely you know recognize his round face and furry coat. We ‘ll show you some of the primary care that needs this race, joint diseases, and some tips to keep you healthy and happy.
British shorthair, smiling Cheshire Cat
English or British shorthair is very popular, especially in Britain, where applicable. It is a medium-sized cat, about five to eight kilos of weight. The most characteristic feature is its broad face and round, his eternal smile and his thick hair tufting.
It can be any color, but blue-gray is the most common. Often he is moving hair liberally throughout the year, so weekly brushing is advised to reduce hairballs.
It is a gentle cat, patient, stable but both independent and somewhat energetic. This cat is friendly and usually get along with other animals and people.
British shorthair associated diseases
The artificial selection made by man through intersections has achieved some races that we differentiate from one another by hair color, texture, eyes, shape … But it has also dragged other genetic traits, such as specific diseases.
This does not mean that all individuals will develop the disease, which is a predisposed race but is more likely than others. British shorthair is prone to suffer from the following bugs:
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is heart disease. Specifically, it affects the heart muscle, which (thickens hypertrophy ): the volume of blood entering the heart is reduced and therefore decreases the amount of blood the heart can pump with each contraction.
Sex seems to be another factor predisposing to cardiomyopathy in this race. Males are usually those who have the disease and females, if you suffer, often manifest with older. This trend is repeated in other breeds like the Maine Coon.
To diagnose this disease is necessary echocardiographic examination to assess the size and function of the heart. Cardiomyopathy is a progressive disease, although its evolution may be slow.
Veterinary specialist establishes proper treatment in each case. Recommended drugs are used to alleviate all the underlying problems: the heart relaxes to fill the ventricle is more, lower voltage if there is pressure, prevent blood clots, edema, etc.
This inherited disorder is also prevalent in the Persian breed and crosses that have emerged from it. The British shorthair has been crossed with Persian. In this disease in the kidneys, they are forming fluid-filled cysts. These cysts start small, but as time progresses, rise and can damage the kidneys and cause kidney failure.
The polycystic kidneys may begin from birth kitty. Cysts grow slowly; hence, we can not observe symptoms until the cat is an adult or older. It is a single dominant gene that causes cysts, and it is sufficient that one parent is affected to inherit and develop the disease.
No treatment can prevent the development of renal failure in an affected cat. Cysts can not be removed, nor can keep them from growing. There are treatments to try to reduce the workload of the kidneys and avoid the side effects of kidney failure. With them, we can improve the quality of life of the cat.
This breed along the Persian and exotic shorthair, often have misaligned teeth. Misalignment prevents the teeth are cleaned by the natural abrasion incurred during chewing.
These dentures are more likely to accumulate tartar and plaque. Tartar buildup can cause gingivitis, so it is advisable to keep these cats mouth clean.
These are the most common health problems associated with their genetics. Like any other cat, British shorthair requires minimal veterinary checks once a year, be fed with a good feed, exercise to avoid obesity, and have everything you need for a domestic cat.